The Rise Of Guar Gum In The World Of Chemicals And How India Can Capitalise

January 31, 2024

By the end of 2035, the India guar gum market is expected to generate USD 118.72 million through a CAGR of 7.72% from 2023 to 2035. In addition, the market made a profit of USD 53.27 million in 2022. 

Ever since fracking took off at the end of 2010 the price of guar increased 15-fold to $25 (£15) a kilogram. The massive price hike was a boon to Rajasthan’s guar farmers and convinced thousands of others to turn their land over to guar.. The oil industry was interested in guar for its thickening properties that have been used in ice cream, yoghurt and toothpaste manufacturing. The US oil industry is expected to have bought 300,000 tonnes of Indian guar gum accounting to 75% of the country’s total output.  While the oil and food industries were losing out, guar’s sudden popularity was beneficial to thousands of farmers.

Moreover, guar gum has tremendous applications in the oil and gas industry. Guar gum currently holds a significant commercial significance due to its use in hydraulic fracturing, which is the process of using high pressure to fracture rock in order to stimulate oil and gas wells. Because guar gum makes the fracturing fluid thicker, sand could be carried into fractured rock. This fracture is filled with sand, which keeps it open and makes it possible for gas or oil to flow into the well bore. Fracturing fluids (CMHPG) contain the guar derivatives hydroxypropyl guar (HPG) and carboxymethyl hydroxypropyl guar (CMG). Additionally, guar gum thickens dye solutions used in carpet and textile printing, enabling prints with sharper details. It is also anticipated that the rising demand for dairy products will contribute to the market’s expansion. Guar gum plays a significant role in ice cream stability due to its ability to bind water. Since HTST strategies need hydrocolloids that could completely hydrate in a short handling time, its application in these cycles is especially profitable.

Applications of Guar Gum 

Guar Gum and its subsidiaries are broadly utilized in different businesses according to its requirements. Food, animal feed, textiles, pharmaceuticals, personal care, health care, nutrition, cosmetics, paper, explosives, mining, and oil drilling are all examples of applications for it.  Guar gum has advantages as a natural gelling agent for various industrial applications.

Food Grade Guar Gum Powder

Guar gum is quite possibly the best thickening added substance, emulsifying added substances and settling added substances. Guar gum is used as a gelling, viscosifying, thickening, clouding, and binding agent in the food industry. It is also used to stabilize, emulsify, preserve, retain water, and increase the amount of water-soluble fiber, among other things.

Guar gum powder is used in the following food products:

  • Ice Cream, soft drinks & concentrates, puddings
  • Ham and sausages
  • Soft cheese and cheese spreads
  • Chocolate milk, flavoured milks
  • Canned or retorted food of fish and meat
  • Myonnaise, ketchup, sauce and dressings
  • Jams, jellies, fruit spreads, jelly sweets
  • Bread, biscuit and other baked foods
  • Noodles and pasta

Guar Gum for Pharmaceutical Industries

In the pharmaceutical industry, guar gum powder is used as a gelling, viscosifying, thickening, suspension, stabilization, emulsification, preservation, binding, clouding, bodying, process aid, pour control, water retention, and water phase control.

In tablet manufacturing it is used as a binder and disintegrating agent and in micro-encapsulation of drugs.

  • Suspensions
  • Slimming aids
  • Nutritional foods
  • Anti-acid formulations
  • Tablet binding and disintegration agent
  • Controlled drug delivery systems

Guar Gum for Cosmetic Industries

  • It is used in lotions, creams, and other skin care products as a protective colloid and thickener.
  • It is used in shaving cream and toothpaste for easy extrusion from the tube.

Industrial Grade Guar Gum Powder

Guar gum powder has various applications, such as thickening, measuring specialist, wet-end strength added substance, gelling specialist and water boundary, flocculation help, for squander water treatment, as emulsifier, folio. Additionally used for mud formulations, polymer flooding, well treatment, lost circulation plugging, and enhanced oil recovery, among other things. Guar gum of mining grade is used in the mining industry as a floatation, flocculating, or setting agent for better quality. Guar gum has a significant advantage in oil drilling applications due to its rapid hydration. Altrafine Gums in India supply oil penetrating grade guar gum, guar gum for paper industry, guar gum as an emulsifying, guaran and sickle unit.

Guar Gum in Oil Field Applications

  • Industrial grade Guar gum powder is used in oil well cracking, oil well excitement, mud boring and modern applications and arrangements as a stabilizer, thickener and suspending specialist.
  • It is a natural, quick hydrating dispersible guar gum.
  • In the oil field industry, guar gum is utilized as a surfactant, manufactured polymer and deformer unmistakably appropriate for all rheological necessities of water-based and saline solution based boring liquids.
  • High consistency Guar Gum products are utilized as penetrating guides in oil well boring, topographical penetrating and water penetrating.
  • As viscosifiers, these items help to maintain the viscosities of drilling mud, making it possible for drilling fluids to remove drill waste from deep holes.
  • Products made from guar gum also reduce hole friction, lowering power consumption. 

Guar Gum Market Segmentation 

The demand and supply of guar gum in India are divided into two categories: powder and solution/liquid guar gum. Out of which, the arrangement/fluid guar gum portion is expected to develop at a most elevated CAGR of 8.03% over the figure period. The segment’s expansion can be attributed to the rise in health-conscious individuals’ preference for health-focused beverages. It is anticipated that the number of customers who are concerned about their health will rise from approximately 107 million in 2020 to approximately 175 million in 2026. Healthy snacking alternatives like trail mixes, fruit snacks, biscuits, and snack bars would see significant growth, with nutritious dairy products coming in second. Another important property of guar gum is its resistance to breakdown in beverages with low pH levels. Because it is soluble in cold water, guar gum is simple to utilize in beverage processing facilities. It makes the beverage last longer.

The demand and supply of guar gum in India are also broken down and analyzed by grade, with food grade, industrial grade, and pharmaceutical grade included. By the end of 2035, the food grade is expected to have generated the most revenue, with USD 56.04 million, up from USD 24.66 million in 2022. In addition, it is anticipated that the market will expand during the forecast period at a CAGR of 7.91 percent, supported by rising demand for natural, low-cost food additives as food manufacturers look for a cheaper, healthier alternative to chemically laden additives. As a result, the food industry uses food grade guar gum powder, an organic powder with a variety of particle sizes and viscosities, as a thickener, emulsifier, and stabilizer for a variety of foods. Some examples of products that use food-grade guar gum for emulsification, thickening, gelling, and stabilization include noodles, sauces and dressings, pet food, soups, pastry ices, meat, drinks, processed cheese, dairy/ice cream products, and bakery items.

India is the major exporter of Guargum to the world. According to the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), it exports various forms of Guar products to a large number of countries. The country has exported 406,513.53 MT of Guargum to the world worth of Rs. 4,944.60 Crores/ 617.14 USD Millions during the year 2022-23. Major Export Destinations (2022-23) are U.S.A, Germany, Russia, Norway and Netherland.


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